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City: Burlington, NC
Counties Located In: Alamance County
Zip Codes: 27215-27217
Area Codes: 336
Square Miles: 25.4
Density: 1,809/sq. mile
Burlington is the principal city of Alamance County, part of the Piedmont Triad region of North Carolina. Burlington is home to the Burlington Athletic Stadium where scenes from the movie Bull Durham were filmed and LabCorp, one of the largest clinical laboratory companies in the world, which has its headquarters and several testing facilities in Burlington, employing more than 3,000 people. Honda Aero, a subsidiary of Honda, corporate headquarters is located at the Burlington-Alamance Regional Airport and manufactures its HF 120 jet engines for use in very light jets. Biscuitville, a regional fast food chain, is also based in Burlington. The city hosts the Burlington Royals, a popular baseball club of the Appalachian League.
Alamance County was created when Orange County was partitioned in 1849. Early settlers included several groups of Quakers, many of whom remain active in the Snow Camp area, along with German farmers, and Scots-Irish immigrants. Alamance County, where Burlington is located, is the site of several skirmishes including the War of the Regulation, when citizens prior to the Revolution rebelled against the corrupt British Colonial Government. The Battle of Lindley's Mill, the Battle of Clapp's Mill, and Pyle's Defeat were also fought here. The Holt family was instrumental in building several different textile mills in the area which provided much of the economic base on which the county grew.
The need of the North Carolina Railroad Company in the 1850s to locate land where they could build, repair and do maintenance on its track was the genesis of Burlington, North Carolina. The Company selected a piece of land slightly west of present day Graham. The employees and their families needed to live within walking distance; hence, a town began to develop. The town was called “Company Shops”.
In 1886 when the North Carolina Railroad Company transferred its operations to Manchester, Virginia, the Company Shops were closed. The citizens selected a new name “Burlington” which was incorporated and a charter was issued in 1893. AMTRAK's Carolinian and Piedmont trains connect Burlington with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Richmond, and Raleigh.